According to the CIA World Factbook, Catholicism is the main Ecuador religion. It was in the 1800s, after Ecuador won their independence from Spain that the religion was introduced. Today, the influence of Catholicism can be seen throughout the country, from the architecture of old and new churches, to the celebration of holidays in the country.
Some of these holidays are holy week and easter celebration, "Virgen del Carmen", "Fiesta de la Mama Negra" in Latacunga, Corpus Cristi, San Juan Bautista, San Pedro y San Pablo, among others.
The Catholic Church still has a great influence on both the society and the government of the country. After the enactment of the 1869 Constitution, Ecuador recognized Catholicism as the official religion. Furthermore, the constitution, thus the state, only gave citizenship to Catholics. It was only on 1899 that the government has passed a law respecting all religions and the freedom of religious choice. This is also seen in two articles included in the Ecuador constitution of 1998. Ecuador Religion has since welcomed other beliefs.
Through this law, other religions have spread throughout the country. A relatively new Ecuador Religion is the Latter-day Saints or the Mormons. In 2008, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints claimed having 185,663 members in the country. Another religion, which has a small following, is Judaism whose members are found mainly on Quito, Cuenca, Amabato, and Guayaquil. It is called the Jewish Community of Ecuador. Third is Islam or the Islam Community of Ecuador (Comunidad Islamica del Ecuador), which is of a Sunni denomination of Islam and has only about 100 members. There is a mosque in Quito and the islamic Center 'Al Hijra' is located in Guayaquil. Another religion registered with the government is Baha'i Faith. The first in the whole world to have a Baha'i radio station is in Otavalo.
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